Rainy Day Pasadena

A Shot in the Rain:  Pasadena

Photo by KayteDeioma

A Rainy Day in ….Pasadena, CA

As we come into the rainy season in Southern California, there is no shortage of places you could go to entertain yourself and the whole family on a rainy day in Pasadena. Although closer to downtown LA than some parts of the City of Los Angeles, Pasadena is not a suburb. It is a city in its own right with its own municipal government within Los Angeles County.

Photo courtesy of the Tournament of Roses FoundationPasadena is best known for the Rose Parade that fills the streets with colorful floats made of flowers and the Rose Bowl game which fills the stadium with college football teams on New Years Day. There are plenty of other sunny weather delights in the city. On a rainy day, or to escape the intense summer heat, you can choose from any number of Pasadena establishments of art, culture, fun and relaxation to escape indoors. This month we’ll take a look at the private art collections of two Southern California Industrialists at the Norton Simon Museum and the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, and get an inside glimpse at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory where the Mars Rover program operates. Although there are things for children to enjoy at all of those venues, the Kidspace Museum is a place all their own. We’ll wrap up this issue with a visit to the Gamble House in Going Solo.

Kayte Deioma

Rose Parade photo courtesy of the Tournament of Roses

Pasadena Features:

Norton Simon Museum

NASA – Jet Propulsion Laboratory: The Universe and Beyond

Inside at the Huntington: The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens

Kids Stuff:

Kidspace Museum

Going Solo:

The Gamble House: A Craftsman Masterpiece

If You Go:

Pasadena: Hotels and Restaurants

For more rainy day Pasadena alternatives, check out the Rainy Day Links page.

 

Norton Simon Museum

story and photos by Kayte Deioma

The number one attraction in the Pasadena area other than the New Years Day Tournament of Roses is the Norton Simon Museum. This museum is home to the extensive works of art collected by industrialist Norton Simon between the 1950s and 1970s. He used some of the wealth he generated from his international consumer products companies to amass an amazing collection of art from Old Masters to contemporary artists. The current Norton Simon collection also includes works from the Pasadena Art Museum, which merged with the Norton Simon in 1974.

Rodin's Burghers of Calais at the Norton Simon MuseumA visit to the Norton Simon begins before you even enter the building. The walkway from the parking lot traverses a garden of larger-than-life Rodin sculptures. The centerpiece of these sculptures is the Burghers of Calais, a sculpture of six men in ragged clothing with nooses around their necks. It was commissioned by the city of Calais to commemorate the brave act of these men in hostaging themselves to the King of England in order to gain freedom for their town in 1347. Before creating the final sculpture of the six men, August Rodin created studies of each individual nude and then clothed. Some of these full-size studies surround the Burghers of Calais in the front garden.

Shiva with Uma and Skava, India c. 950-975Inside, the Museum is divided into two levels. The main level or upper level houses European and American paintings and sculptures from the 14th century to the 20th century. Downstairs is Norton Simon’s extensive collection of South and Southeast Asian Art, which consists primarily of sculptures and architectural elements from India, Thailand, Cambodia, Tibet and other parts of Southeast Asia with just a few works on paper. The temporary exhibit hall is also downstairs.

Zurburan's Still Life with Lemons, Oranges and a RoseThe beauty of the Norton Simon is that you can see virtually every important European artist from the Old Masters to the Impressionists and post-Impressionists all within a few steps of each other. Earlier works on display include Raphael’s Madonna and Child with Book (c.1502-3), Francisco de Zurburan’s Still Life with Lemons, Oranges and a Rose (1633) and Rembrandt van Rijn’s Portrait of a Boy, Presumed to Be the Artist’s Son, Titus (c. 1645-50).

Degas modeles at the Norton Simon MuseumIn the popular Impressionists exhibit, you can see Matisse, Renoir, Van Gogh, Manet, Monet, Toulouse-Lautrec, Cezanne and Degas side by side, with multiple examples of each. Vincent van Gogh’s Mulberry Tree is one of the more famous works in the collection, along with the Degas‘ sculpture, Little Dancer, Aged Fourteen (1878-81). The museum has one of the largest collections of works by Edgar Degas, with over 100 paintings, drawings, statues and bronze modčles that the artist used as studies for his dancer figures.

Picasso's Woman with a Book at the Norton Simon MuseumPablo Picasso, another of the collector’s favorites, dominates the 20th century wing. The museum has 45 of the artist’s sketches, paintings and sculptures. Not all of them are on display at the same time, but the selected works show the diversity of styles Picasso used before developing his signature Cubism. Woman with a Book (1932), one of Picasso’s most recognizable Cubist pieces is presented next to his straightforward pre-cubist oil-and-chalk-on-canvas Bust of a Woman (1923).

Norton Simon Museum Cafe and Sculpture GardenThere is a Garden Café and Sculpture Garden at the back of the Main Level. Most of the massive sculptures around the pond are by French artist, Aristide Maillol, including the figure of a woman apparently washing her hair in a river. Unfortunately, they positioned the woman with her hair facing the pond; it’s not in the best position to be viewed from the path.

The Asian Collection at the Norton Simon MuseumWhile the paintings and sculptures on the main level have brought the Norton Simon its greatest renown, the lower level also holds abundant treasures. Norton Simon was fascinated by Indian and other South and Southeast Asian antiquities. His collection ranges from the pious to the playful to the erotic as depicted in copper miniatures, cast bronze figures and carved stone statues and architectural features. Gods and goddesses, celestial dancers and amorous couples are the predominant themes. A separate Asian Sculpture Garden is accessible from the Asian galleries on the Lower Level.

Van Gogh's Mulberry Tree at the Norton Simon Museum.If you have time, take in an orientation film or two in the 300-seat theater. The Art of Norton Simon is a 30 minute film about Norton Simon and his passion for Art. Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum is a delightful tour by the black-robed art scholar, Sister Wendy, of some of the museum’s most famous pieces. The hour-long program created for PBS has been broken into three 20-minute segments for viewing at the museum.

At any given time, 1000 of the 12,000 pieces in the collection are on display at the museum. Even the best known pieces may be rotated out from time to The audio tour at the Norton Simon Museumtime, so you may not find every painting in the brochure or the videos on the wall when you visit. The paintings are organized by period and by country of origin. The galleries on the main level are all single corridors, so you can go down one side and come back the other and see everything. A self-guided audio tour is available to guide you through the highlights of the exhibit. You dial in the number next to a painting to listen to commentary about it, so you can make the tour as long or short as you like, depending on which pieces you want to hear more about.

The Norton Simon Museum
411 West Colorado Blvd.
Pasadena, CA 91105
Phone: (626-449-6840
www.nortonsimon.org

NASA – Jet Propulsion Laboratory: The Universe and Beyond

story by Kayte Deioma

Whether you’re interested in science, a fan of all things extraterrestrial, orThe Visitors Center at JPLjust occasionally look up at the moon and the stars, a tour of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena will give you a new perspective on the night sky. It’s not something you can decide to do at the last minute on a rainy day because you have to make reservations in advance, so don’t wait for the rain to make your plans. If it does rain, you’ll need your umbrella for walking between the buildings.

History of JPL

JPLIn the 1930s, a group of students at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) were experimenting with rocket propulsion. After the explosions and the smell got them banned from campus, they found a spot a few miles away in a dry river bed at the foot of the San Gabriel Mountains to set off their rockets, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory was born. The growing success of their rocket experiments brought in government funding and contracts with the U.S. Army.

The Mariner 2 completed the first successful interplanetary mission in 1962.In January 1958, following on the heels of Russia’s Sputnik satellite launch, JPL created the first U.S. satellite to be sent into space, the Explorer I. When the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was formed later that year, JPL was invited to be the lead research and development arm for NASA robotics. Since then, JPL has sent over 50 space exploration robots out into our solar system and currently has 17 research modules from satellites to the Mars Exploration Rovers, sending back signals to scientists on the ground. The oldest of these, the Voyager 1 and 2 have been in space since their 1977 launch and continue to send back signals from the far reaches of the universe.

JPL operates NASA’s Deep Space Communication Network of three massive antennas placed strategically around the world to pick up signals from satellites and deep space research robots. Since this is the only network of its kind, they are also responsible for communications with research satellites sent into space by other countries.

The JPL Tour

Once a week, on Wednesday afternoons, the general public has an opportunity to visit the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to get a glimpse of what they do. Tours meet in the Visitor Reception building and proceed into aThe theater at JPLsmall theater with large scale models of some of the more famous space exploration robots on display. The guide gives a brief history of JPL before showing a short film that gives a refresher course on the solar system and some of the highlights of what the research vessels have found. Exciting footage puts you in the control room with JPL scientists and engineers as the Mars Rover lands successfully on the red planet.

After the film, you have an opportunity to get a better look at the model of the Carl Sagan's Golden Record on a model of the Voyager spacecraft at JPL.Voyager, with its golden record on the front, conceived by Carl Sagan. You can also hear a piece of the recording which contains greetings in 60 languages, bits of music and other cultural sounds of the 70s, and see the 117 pictures that were chosen to represent humanity on earth. In case there is intelligent life out there somewhere, pictographic instructions are etched on the record cover describing how to play it. Other models on display include the Mars Global Surveyor, the Mars Odyssey Orbiter, and the Cassini Spacecraft andHuygens Probe, currently circling Saturn and its moon, Titan.

A Mars Rover at the JPL MuseumNext to the theater is the JPL Museum. A full scale Mars Exploration Rover and many smaller scale models of spacecraft are on display. Globes of planets and moons indicate named features that have been documented by the space explorers. While older members of our group honed in on trying to find their houses on a large satellite map of Southern California, James, who looked to be about 5, raced from model to globe to model calling to his friend, “Thunder, you gotta see this!”

The JPL Museum.Large scale photos of the birth and death of stars, taken from the Hubble Space Telescope, adorn one wall. A sample of Silica Aerogel, also known as “solid blue smoke” has a certificate from the Guinness Book of World Records for being the lightest solid substance in the world. In the next museum display, they project a neat little light show on blocks of the smoky substance. In space, among other things, they use it to capture particle samples.

After the museum, the tour passes through an administration building to the Space Flight Operations Facilityand upstairs to a viewing theater overlooking the Deep Space Operations Center. No photos are allowed here.

From the video, you know that this nerve center of operations is filled with wall to wall scientists and engineers when it’s time for a launch or landing. It looks a lot like other NASA control rooms you see in the news and the movies for the launch of manned space missions. On an ordinary day, most of the three rows of consoles in the main room and more work stations in a windowed area off to the side are unoccupied. On our visit, five people are at their monitors, keeping track of all the unmanned spacecraft in the universe.

Our guide explains the Universal Time Clock that keeps all the Deep Space operations around the world on the same time. In addition to the UTC clock, there are clocks for each of the Mars Exploration Rovers, Spiritand Opportunity that have rolled over to zero and had to have the years added, because they have continued to function so long after their projected lifespan.

A model of Voyager at JPLUsing flat planets stuck on a carpet wall, we get a lesson in space distances. The comparison that most resonates with me is the time it takes to send and receive messages. It takes 1.5 seconds for a message to reach the moon, which is a mere 384,000 miles from Earth. It takes over 14 hours for a message to travel to the Voyager 1 spacecraft. At 10 billion miles from Earth and counting, it is the most distant human creation in the universe. Traveling at about 39,000 miles per hour, Voyager 1 should reach the outer boundary of our solar system within the next 10 years. Hopefully its 1977 nuclear batteries will still be running to tell us what’s out there.

The final stop on the tour is the In Situ Instrument Laboratory. From aThe In Situ Instrument Laboratory is a testing ground for the Mars Rovers.glassed-in walkway you can look down on a Mars simulation room where a replica of the Mars Rover is used to test out program directions before they are sent to the Rovers on Mars. If there is a problem with the Spirit or Opportunity Rovers, the problem is recreated and solved with the replica Rover and then the solution is uploaded to the research vehicles on Mars. It takes about 15 minutes to send a signal to Mars – a lot closer than the Voyager 1.

I<The In Situ Instrument Laboratory at JPLf you’re traveling with a group of 10 or more, special tours can be arranged outside of the Wednesday public tours. JPL also holds an annual two-dayOpen House in May where the scientists come out of their labs and bring their projects to demonstrate, from Mars Exploration Rovers and other robots to thermal imaging equipment, solar telescopes and space suits. There are also monthly lectures on space and technology-related topics that are open to the public.

Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Public Services Office
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone: (818) 354-9314
www.jpl.nasa.gov